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Perseverance Mars rover successfully launched in the USA

Perseverance Mars rover successfully launched in the USA
On July 30, the US successfully launched the Atlas V launch vehicle with the Perseverance rover. The live broadcast was conducted on the NASA YouTube channel.

The Atlas V launch vehicle with the rover on board was launched from the SLC-41 launch site of the US Air Force base, located at Cape Canaveral, at 14:50 Moscow time. The launch took place in normal mode, and after a few minutes the upper stage brought the rover into the so-called parking orbit. Approximately 45 minutes after the launch of the rocket, the upper stage turned on the engine again and put Perseverance into solar orbit, along which the device will travel to Mars. After that, the separation of the upper stage took place, and the rover went on an independent journey.

The new rover is due to land on Mars in February 2021. The mission program, during which the rover will cover an average of 200 meters in one Martian day, includes research that should help assess conditions on ancient Mars and find possible traces of microorganisms that lived there. In addition, the researchers intend to study the geological processes on the planet and collect rock samples in one place, which are planned to be delivered to Earth in the future as part of other missions. The rover will also test technologies related to the possible landing of humans on Mars, including testing an oxygen production facility. Together with the rover, the Ingenuity unmanned aerial vehicle was sent to Mars.

In November 2018, NASA specialists finally chose the landing site for the new rover. After five years of exploring over 60 areas for the rover to land, NASA chose the 45-kilometer Jezero crater, named after a village in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This crater is located at the western edge of the Isis Plain (a giant impact crater north of the equator). As scientists suggest, there was once a river delta in the area of ​​the Jezero crater, where organic matter and other potential traces of microorganisms that could have lived on Mars billions of years ago could have collected.

In mid-June, it was reported that Perseverance had been equipped with a commemorative plaque honoring all doctors fighting the coronavirus pandemic.

The launch of the Perseverance rover is the third and final launch to Mars this year. The United Arab Emirates launched its Hope orbiter to the Red Planet last week , and a few days later China sent the Tianwen 1 mission to Mars . The Russian-European ExoMars mission was also planned for this year, but for a number of reasons it was postponed until 2022, when another window for Mars launches will open.

There are now two NASA spacecraft operating on Mars: the stationary InSight station and the Curiosity rover.

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